How to Use Linux Bash Shell on Windows 10

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Unix Shell for Windows is a simple tool, designed to work exclusively with Windows. The components are similar to their correspondents in the Unix operating system and inspire the same experience for the user. The software supports the basic Unix commands, which directly affect files and folders on your Windows operating system.

Unix Shell for Windows allows you to access folders and to open specific files. Files containing text can be rendered within the console shell, for example. The software acts similar to any command console in Unix and notifies you when the syntax is wrong or when a specific location cannot be accessed. Unix Shell for Windows. For shell scripts, this is the process ID under which they are executing.

A shell script is a program that is used to perform specific tasks. Shell scripts are mostly used to avoid repetitive work. Yes, you can install both operating systems on your computer. This is known as dual-booting. OpenSSH runs on Windows. Psssst: What is Unix system? Join , subscribers and get a daily digest of news, geek trivia, and our feature articles.

By submitting your email, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Think of it as the opposite of Wine. While Wine allows you to run Windows applications directly on Linux, the Windows Subsystem for Linux allows you to run Linux applications directly on Windows.

Microsoft worked with Canonical to offer a full Ubuntu-based Bash shell environment that runs atop this subsystem. It now supports other Linux distributions, too. There are some limitations here. Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 WSL2 is designed to provide the exact same user experience as its predecessor, but the similarities mostly end there.

WSL2 runs a full Linux Kernel in an extremely efficient virtual machine. That also means that most any Linux application, package, or command will work without an issue.

Alternatively, you can also install it using PowerShell. Launch PowerShell as an Administrator , then enter:. This popular Linux distribution was previously the only option available, but other Linux systems are now available for people who have more specific needs.

You can even run multiple different Linux distributions at a time in different windows. You now have a full command-line bash shell based on Ubuntu, or whatever other Linux distribution you installed. To open the Linux environment you installed, just open the Start menu and search for whatever distribution you installed. For example, if you installed Ubuntu, launch the Ubuntu shortcut.

You can launch your installed Linux environment by running the wsl command. If you have multiple Linux distributions installed, you can choose the default Linux environment this command launches. If you have Ubuntu installed, you can also run the ubuntu command to install it.

You can still launch your default Linux environment by running the bash command, but Microsoft says this is deprecated. This means the bash command may stop functioning in the future. On Ubuntu, you need to prefix a command with sudo to run it with root permissions. Be sure to prefix these commands with sudo , which makes them run as root—the Linux equivalent of Administrator.

If you installed a SUSE Linux distribution, you can use the zypper command to install software instead. If you want a more accurate Ubuntu experience on Windows 10, you can also install the Ubuntu fonts and enable them in the terminal.



Setup – The Unix Shell

How to Enable the Linux Bash Shell in Windows 10 · 1. Navigate to Settings. · 2. Click Update & security. · 3. Select For Developers in the left. How to Install Linux Bash Shell on Windows 10 · Step 1: Enable “Windows Subsystem for Linux” feature · Step 2: Download a Linux system from the Windows store.


Unix shell for windows 10


This gives you a Linux bash shell, a terminal window running in Windows. The process essentially installs Linux on Windows 10 — here’s what you need to know. This is a feature that has been built into Windows.

Unlike installing Linux in a virtual machine , the Windows Subsystem for Linux can be instantly called from the Start menu. Once the Windows Subsystem for Linux is installed on Windows 10, you can run Linux in command line mode.

This gives you an almost fully functional Linux terminal for Windows Before you get started, make sure you’re running a bit version of Windows Sadly, the Windows Subsystem for Linux will not work on bit systems.

Check if your computer is running a bit or a bit version of Windows. Under “Device specifications” you’ll see the System type listed; for Windows Subsystem for Linux, this should read bit operating system. If not, you’ll need to upgrade your Windows 10 system from bit to bit.

However, this will only work if you have bit hardware. Before proceeding, be aware that some systems cannot have Windows Subsystem for Linux enabled and virtual machines VM at the same time. As such, if running Linux in a VM is your preference, you’ll need to disable Windows Subsystem for Linux before using the virtual machine again. Ready to install Bash on Windows? Start by clicking Start and entering “turn windows”.

The Turn Windows Features on or off item should be displayed, so click this to open. Wait while the list is populated, then scroll down to Windows Subsystem for Linux. You’ll be prompted to restart Windows, so follow this instruction. Use the search tool to find entries relating to “Linux” and select your preferred Linux version to install. Whichever one you choose will determine the Bash experience.

For example, you can install Ubuntu on Windows Install the Linux operating system, then wait. Once complete, click Launch from within the Windows Store or open it from the Start menu.

On the first run, you’ll be prompted to input a username and password to create a user account. Other methods are available to launch your chosen Linux environment. From the Start menu, you can enter:. It is also referred to as the terminal or command line. Some computers include a default Unix Shell program. The steps below describe some methods for identifying and opening a Unix Shell program if you already have one installed.

If none of the options below address your circumstances, try an online search for: Unix shell [your computer model] [your operating system]. Computers with Windows operating systems do not automatically have a Unix Shell program installed. In this lesson, we encourage you to use an emulator included in Git for Windows , which gives you access to both Bash shell commands and Git. Once installed, you can open a terminal by running the program Git Bash from the Windows start menu.

As an alternative to Git for Windows you may wish to Install the Windows Subsystem for Linux which gives access to a Bash shell command-line tool in Windows Please note that commands in the Windows Subsystem for Linux WSL may differ slightly from those shown in the lesson or presented in the workshop.

Your default shell is available via the Terminal program within your Utilities folder.

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